With pollution releasing harmful chemicals in the environment, even our outer skin is not safe from ailments. Even seemingly harmless rashes can turn out to be the initial stage of diseases like psoriasis, bacterial or fungal skin infection, or even cancer. One needs extensive medical training and knowledge to identify critical skin problems at a glance. As most of us lack it, seeking urgent care for skin problem seems to be the right decision. Many opt for skin biopsy in which experts take a part of your affected skin cells and test it to find the best treatment method for quick recovery. Here we will try to understand how this process helps and when you should opt for it.
When Do You Need It?
Generally, when you have any abnormal growth on your skin, infections, lesions, or other skin condition, you should go for skin biopsy to understand the right course of action. The human body used to be better at protecting itself from ailments. Unfortunately, with declining environmental conditions, the human body has lost most of its capacity to fight off diseases. Now, even a simple infection or bruise can cause significant and lasting health damage. Pollutants and contaminants from the atmosphere can get into your bloodstream through these bruises, posing larger health issues. So, identifying a change in your skin (involving shape, color or appearance), or any abnormal growth should tell you that you need skin biopsy.
How Does Skin Biopsy Help?
This process involves taking a sample from the affected area of your skin (after numbing it) to examine it further. Experts either dip the skin sample in formaldehyde solution or place it in a sterile container if they notice the primary signs of infection. Next, they examine the sample through a microscope to present an accurate diagnosis of the ailment (if any). The method of collecting the sample depends on the affected area, the spread, and the suspected nature of the ailment. Following are the various methods:
Shave biopsy: This process involves cutting the sample from the affected area with an edged tool. The length and depth of the incision depends on the spread or growth of an infection. This process generally causes bleeding. Medical professionals apply pressure and use medicines to stop the bleeding.
Punch biopsy: Punch biopsy uses a sharp tool to extract the sample. The tool pushes down the affected area to remove circular skin sample. This process is the best to identify rashes and infections.
Excisional biopsy: This method completely removes the affected area from the body. Doctors generally resort to it for removing tumors or cancerous skin cells. It uses a defect incision and most of the time requires stitches to close the wound. This process is more of a treatment than an analysis.
As you may have guessed, one needs extensive medical training to stop or to take care of issues like excessive bleeding, incredible pain, and other risks that might surface because of skin biopsy. While you can walk in to an urgent care as the first step, follow the doctor's instructions. Discuss if you need skin biopsy for a quicker recovery.